COP28 refers to the 28th session of the Conference of the Parties Conference of the Parties (COP)COP refers to the Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, which is normally…Read on اقرأ المزيد to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC)The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is a treaty signed in 1992 at the Rio Earth Summit…Read on اقرأ المزيد , which convenes from 30 November to 12 December, 2023 in the United Arab Emirates.

Plan of COP28

COP28 will witness the first global stocktake Global StocktakeArticle 14 of the Paris Agreement stipulates that the purpose of the GST is to assess the “collective progress” with…Read on اقرأ المزيد enshrined in the Paris Agreement Paris AgreementAn agreement reached at COP21 in Paris in 2015 with a set of targets, most notably keeping global heating at 1.5…Read on اقرأ المزيد , which aims to assess the global response to climate change Climate ChangeThe most commonly used term to refer to the changes in the climate regionally and globally. It is recommended to…Read on اقرأ المزيد every five years. This will be a critical step in navigating the way forward, as the world has been lagging behind thus far. In light of this, the presidency of COP28 has outlined its vision for the conference, primarily focusing on the energy transition Energy TransitionTransforming energy systems from depending on fossil fuels to 100% renewable energy. The term often invokes the notion of ‘fuel switching’,…Read on اقرأ المزيد and climate finance.

Challenges of COP28

Despite these stated ambitions, there are controversial aspects of COP28 that might undermine its outcomes, including:

  • The most predominant criticism is that COP28 will be hosted by the United Arab Emirates, one of the world’s ten largest fossil fuel Fossil FuelRefers to energy materials extracted from the earth and used for burning. The three main fossil fuels are oil, fossil…Read on اقرأ المزيد exporters. It will also be presided by Sultan Ahmed Al-Jaber, CEO of the Abu Dhabi National Oil Company (ADNOC). This was singled out as a conflict of interest, and some even called it a greenwashing GreenwashingA marketing trick corporations and governments resort to in order to convince others that they are environmentally responsible or that…Read on اقرأ المزيد scandal”.
  • The reported initiatives to be launched during COP28 are pushing for false solutions False SolutionsMeasures, often of technical nature, that have been proposed to deal with the climate crisis, often by fossil fuel corporations…Read on اقرأ المزيد like net zero Net-ZeroBalancing the total amount of greenhouse gas emissions of a certain entity with an equal amount removed. This is ideally…Read on اقرأ المزيد and carbon capture and storage Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS)CCS was first commercialized in the 1970s, but it was called “enhanced oil recovery” because oil corporations pumped the captured…Read on اقرأ المزيد that are meant to create more fossil lock-in Fossil Lock-InWhen big investments, for example in infrastructures such as power plants or pipelines, create dependencies that result in difficulties to…Read on اقرأ المزيد .
  • COPs are convened under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), which has its own limitations such as the lack of legally binding enforcement mechanisms. That is why previous COP meetings have been sharply criticized as a climate circus Climate CircusA term used by critics of COPs to highlight how little they achieved in terms of protecting the environment after 30…Read on اقرأ المزيد for being ineffective at addressing the climate crisis with the necessary urgency and efficacy.
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